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Compositoras americanas: ¿la expresión de una cultura?

Nan-Maro Babakhanian


American Women Composers: The Expression of a Culture?

Abstract:

When director Reynaldo Fernández Manzano invited me to speak about “American  Women Composers” at the 2005 edition of the Festival of Spanish Music in Cadiz, I was  quick to add the second part of the talk’s title, “Expression of a Culture?” 
It seems that all current scholarly activity about women composers, and even about na­ tionalistic trends in composition seem to conjure up many questions about whether or  not gender, as an expression of culture, can be detected in composition, but few conclu­ sions. New “gender in music” scholars clearly focus on gender as a result of culture and  not biology. Most post-tonal and modern music scholars and analysts are also quick to  note that American music after 1920 becomes harder and harder to put into categories  and trends as each composer strives to create a unique musical language within each com­ position (what Milton Babbitt calls, “contextual” music). 
What is definitely clear is that American Women composers have received much less at­ tention than their male counterparts. They hold fewer teaching positions, fewer compos­ er in residence positions, are published less and their music is vastly under represented. Is  this because there are really fewer female composers? Are there fewer women composers  because there are no role models? Are there too many road blocks, such as publishers who won't take them seriously? Or are there many women composers who are just never  brought to light for any combination of these reasons.
This paper is an attempt to present current thinking in the world of gender studies. As it  will be shown, most scholars concur that a specific feminine aesthetic in pure music can­  not be detected, so I have followed the thinking of Ellie Hisama in her book, Gendering  Musical Modernism, choosing to present the context of the culture that has produced  work by women.


Idioma: spa

Páginas: 227 - 246

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